Do you have knee pain? Could it be Osteoarthritis (OA)?

Knee OA can develop slowly over many years and the symptoms you may experience included:

  • Pain with weight bearing
  • Pain at rest and night pain
  • Stiffness
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Feeling of instability or giving way
  • Red, hot or swollen joint

Many factors can affect your knee health such as:

  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint injury
  • Increased or unaccustomed load with sports, hobbies and work
  • Stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue
  • Beliefs, decrease confidence, pain related fear, coping
  • Lifestyle – lack of sleep, lack of physical activity

Diagnosis of Knee OA can be made by assessing your symptoms, risk factors and physical presentation and do not needed scanning or x-rays to make a diagnosis.

So how can Knee OA be managed??  There are many myths related to Knee OA such as:

  • Only surgery will fix it
  • Rest will help
  • Pain equals damage
  • Exercise will cause damage to the joint

However, the facts are that exercise is the best medicine and rest can make the condition worse.  Movement can help to nourish the joint, maintain range of movement, keep your muscles strong, improve your balance and co-ordination and help you to function with less pain.


The diagram shows all sorts of treatments that have been used to manage knee OA. Some of the management strategies provide low value care as they have not be proven to be effective in managing knee OA.  High value care involves active management including evidence-based education, exercise and lifestyle change as the best first line management of Knee OA and can be effective with mild, moderate or severe OA.

At Flex Rehabilitation clinic we have certified GLA:D physiotherapists who are experts in assessing and managing Knee OA and we offer specific classes and education to provided high value care to manage your symptoms.